Home Improvement

The Basics of Home Plumbing

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The Inner West refers to the region that is directly west of Sydney. The local government of Inner West constitutes a 2016 population of 182,043 residents over an area of thirty-five square kilometres. Inner West has a demographic profile of 48.7 per cent male against 51.3 per cent female with a lower than national median age of 36 years.

Residents of this area can hire a professional plumbing technician for difficulties with their indoor and outdoor plumbing. While a plumber in Inner West is always available for hire, homeowners need to know how their home plumbing works. This information will allow them to get an idea of what the plumber will work on.

How Your Home Plumbing Works

Your home’s plumbing system is composed of four things that work hand-in-hand with each other to provide you with fresh tap water while disposing of wastewater.

  • Waste Drains

Most homes have either ABS, PVC, or cast iron drain pipes and vents connected to all fixtures in your homes such as toilets, tub and shower drain, and sinks. When a fixture is used, the waste is carried inside the drain pipes down the main drain until it reaches the municipal sewer tunnels. Every here and there, you will find cleanout access on your drain pipe system to allow plumbers to access the pipes’ insides in case of blockage. The diameters of the pipes used for drain systems range from 2 inches to 4 inches, depending on the Plumbing Code of Australia.

Homes that are not reached by the municipal sewer lines will have their main drain pipe goes into a septic tank, which separates the solid from liquid waste. The liquid waste will then pass through a leach field in the ground to be filtered naturally. The solid waste will be drawn out after some time by a vacuum truck.

  • Waste Vents

For the fixtures to drain properly, the system needs to have air vented into them. Venting pipes allow air to equalize the negative pressure as a result of flushing the toilet. The air that flows in from the vents will prevent gurgling and the return of sewer gases into your home. When you smell sewage in your home, there might be something wrong with your venting pipes or your drain system. When this happens, you should contact a plumber in Inner West immediately.

  • Potable Water

Potable water comes from the main water line of the municipality you are in, usually located under the sidewalk. Potable water coming from the main street line has 40psi to 80psi pressure. Each home has a shutout valve outside the home, which allows the city to shut out water supply if necessary. Most plumbers use ¾ inch copper pipes for laying potable water lines. Copper is the ideal pipe for potable water because it does not react easily with any minerals that the water may have. Copper lines coming from the city’s shutout valve will then enter the home and may pass through a hot water tank before being distributed to the rest of the house. Homes that are not reached by municipal services will get their water from a well instead of the main water line.  

  • RainWater Management

In the past, rainwater was allowed to use the same system as the home’s waste drains. However, new homes have begun installing a different piping system to allow for more efficient rainwater management. Gutters collect rainwater and divert the rain away from the house to prevent water infiltration. Pipes connected to the gutters can be diverted to the ground or connect to rainwater collectors to recycle rainwater into non-potable uses.

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