It is the earliest form of cancer developing inside the breast, which people often term as breast cancer. Even though it does not lie in the category of cancer, but ignoring it can prove to be fatal in the long run.
What is DCIS?
The presence of abnormal cells, which are also known as the cancer-causing cells inside the milk duct of a breast, is called Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS). While these cells remain in the tube and not spread in other organs, it is not named as cancer but can be an initial stage of cancer. Therefore a treatment at the right time is always a better option than increased complications at the later part or stage.
Causes of DCIS
The specific reason that is leading to DCIS is still unknown to medical science. Maybe the genetic mutations give rise to the abnormal growth of cells in a breast, but the cells are not capable enough to break out of the duct and spread to other parts.
Symptoms and Signs
While gender plays a significant role here, men have nill to rare chances to have diagnosed with DCIS. That is why it is often the women who are bound to suffer from these problems. While there is no specific symptom that will diagnose this issue, there are few symptoms that are often present in some women, which includes:
– Lump in the breast
– Discharge from the nipple area, which might even have blood at times.
One must always track the symptoms for the disease.
Diagnosis of a person suffering from it is easy during a mammogram. During the mammogram, if any suspicions come to light consisting of some white specks in mass or any irregular shapes or sizes. Then the individual is prescribed with necessary suggestions regarding the remedies.
Surgery is one of the only main options for DCIS. But the operation may be dependent on the area of the breast that is affected, or the surgeon will decide based on several conditions the best fit for the patient. It may also be the choice of patients, but the surgical removal of the part is the primary treatment that a patient has to undergo. Usually, it is a successful operation for the patient.
The choices that a patient has for surgery are:-
– Lumpectomy:– Also called wide local excision (WLE), it is a procedure that involves the removal of only the area affected and a margin of healthy tissues surrounding it. There is likely a chance of recurrence if the grade of cells affected is high.
– Mastectomy:- This indicates the removal of the whole breast rather than a particular area. It is an option for the patients if the affected area is vast, or there are different areas of DCIS. It is also an ideal option if the breast size is small, and most of it is affected by DCIS. A lot of people who fear the recurrence opt for this option, and it is safe to have the whole body part removed rather than a part of it.
Hormone therapy is also an option that is good for the treatment of the disease. However, this cannot be taken as individual therapy but will prove to be beneficial as an option after surgery. The drug tamoxifen can be an alternative to reduce the risk of coming back. Tamoxifen blocks estrogens, which can be the cause of cancer-causing cells, and to reduce the risk of coming back.
Radiation therapy may also be used, such as X-ray or other radiation, causing machines that will kill the abnormal cells. However, this treatment is also a good option after surgery.
After the treatments, there is a very negligible chance for the problem to arise again. In cases of Lumpectomy, it is possible, but if the full breast removal takes place, it is infrequent for the individual to get it back. The case, however, may vary for the grades and types of DCIS in the individual.
DCIS And Breast Cancer
The tissues of the body are formed collectively in a cell which usually divides controllably and in an expected fashion. But if the cells get out of control, cells will go on dividing, and they together develop like a lump, which we define as the tumor.
While this is the primary stage of both DCIS and breast cancer, the DCIS cells (cancer cells) cannot break through the duct and lobules. Thus this may not be considered as a life-threatening condition for the patient, it is, however, utmost necessary for an early stage cure.
If the treatment does not go on for a long time, the patient may be at a higher risk of developing cancer. Not every DCIS results in breast cancer, but it is not predictable as which DCIS will grow into a breast cancer for the individual.
Prevention from the patient’s end
The doctor surely does take full involvement regarding the patient’s health. But as one’s responsibility, it is the duty of the patient and their family to track down everything the patient has been going through. The highs and lows that one is facing should be told to the doctor to generate a proper analysis of the record. The symptoms which may sound a bit threatening or any notary changes can be taken care of with particular attention.
For this tedious task, there is a onetime digital solution in the form of an option called Treatment Tracker. With just a simple task of filling in one’s details once, it will monitor everything in a go. From notifying about one’s application, and it will make the necessary changes, generate accurate reports, and will assist the patient in a brilliant and precise manner, easy to use, and reliable.
The application is designed to take over the manual tasks, and instead of noting everything down on pen and paper, everything is digital. The app stores it for the patient to use it whenever needed. This assistant doctor in the pocket is an excellent alternative to the medical or health issues an individual observes in their lives.